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Aachen english

aachen english

Sept. British Literature · English Linguistics · Applied Linguistics · Cognitive Literary Studies; You Are [email protected] resist-catreneproject.eu German-English Dictionary: Translation for Aachen. Aachen is situated directly on the border with Belgium and the Netherlands. It is Germany's most westerly city, with a population of , More than 50, Die aktuellen und stets frisch bereiteten [ Outgoing Students Exchange programs Outgoing Students: Every copy was produced exclusively for [ Business Relations To Portal Page. Lehr- und Spin station online casino Systemergonomie.

Aachen English Video

Renewing their vows: France and Germany sign 'Treaty of Aachen'

Zuvor hatte das Grashaus diese Funktion innegehabt, wurde aber parallel weiterhin bis ins Jahrhundert begann der Niedergang der Stadt.

Dies ergab, dass Seit dieser Zeit kursiert in Aachen der Satz: Aachen blieb elf Jahre lang von belgischen Truppen besetzt.

November von den belgischen Besatzern beendet wurden. Die Zwischenkriegszeit bedeutete einen tiefen Einschnitt im Wirtschaftsleben der Stadt.

Insbesondere der sogenannte Ruhrkampf , die Verschiebung der Zollgrenze an den Rhein sowie zunehmender Schmuggel entlang der Grenzen zu Belgien und den Niederlanden oder auch der Separatistenaufstand von trafen Aachen schwer.

Eine Heiligtumsfahrt mit Beim Kaffeeschmuggel zwischen Belgien und Deutschland, an der sogenannten Aachener Kaffeefront , starben zwischen und 40 Menschen.

April bis August war der westliche Ortsteil Bildchen Belgisches Annexionsgebiet. Die Karlshymne Urbs Aquensis ist eine Hymne aus dem Bischof ist seit Helmut Dieser.

Um begann in Aachen die Reformation. Viele Protestanten wurden ausgewiesen. Danach war die Zahl der Protestanten sehr gering, jedoch gab es stets evangelische Bewohner, die immer wieder versuchten, Einfluss in der Stadt zu gewinnen.

Da sie jedoch keine eigenen Gemeinden bilden konnten, schlossen sich die lutherischen und reformierten Bewohner den Gemeinden in Vaals an.

Dort wurde am Unter den weiteren christlichen Vereinigungen und Gemeinden finden sich eine altkatholische Gemeinde , freie christliche Gemeinden, vier verschiedene orthodoxe Gemeinden , insbesondere die von Bischof Evmenios von Lefke geleitete griechisch-orthodoxe Gemeinde der Stadtkirche St.

Michael , und eine katholische koreanische Gemeinde. Jahrhundert die Aachener Peterskirche errichtet wurde. Sie wurde ab nicht mehr belegt und steht heutzutage als Teil des Stadtgarten Aachens unter Denkmalschutz.

Im weiteren Verlauf des Foillan vorbehalten blieb, diente der neue Westfriedhof II allen anderen damaligen Pfarren. Vor der zum 1.

Dies wurde im sogenannten Aachener Gaffelbrief von , der bis galt, festgelegt. Die Mitgliederzahl schwankte mehrmals. Mai ihr Amt wechselten. Stadtoberhaupt war der Maire.

Derzeit sind im Aachener Rat folgende Parteien vertreten: In Gold ein rot bewehrter und rot bezungter schwarzer Adler. Das Aachener Wappen wurde zuletzt am Die Stadt beherbergt verschiedene Theater und Museen.

Diesen Quellen wird zugeschrieben, dass sie Rheuma und viele andere Krankheiten heilen sollen. Aachen hat mehrere bedeutende Industriezweige.

Daneben gibt es eine Reihe von Forschungsbetrieben und Hochtechnologieunternehmen , oft als Ableger der Hochschulen. Auch der Tourismus spielt eine wichtige Rolle Januar bis Juni Seit Anfang der er Jahre hat sich ein sehr deutlicher Strukturwandel vollzogen.

Die Herstellung von Nadeln und Tuchen wurde nach Fernost verlagert. Die letzte Aachener Nadelfabrik stellte den Betrieb Ende ein, von den zahlreichen Tuchfabriken ist nur eine geblieben.

Der Aachener Hauptbahnhof ist an den Fernverkehr angeschlossen. Ein weiterer Haltepunkt ist in Richterich vorgesehen und soll im Jahr in Betrieb gehen.

Eisenbahnhistorisch hat Aachen zwei Besonderheiten zu bieten: Die Vennbahn , angelegt von bis , verband die Industriegebiete von Aachen und Eschweiler mit dem von Luxemburg.

Es gibt mehrere Schnellbuslinien u. Dreh- und Angelpunkte des Aachener Liniennetzes sind der Bushof und der Elisenbrunnen , die von vielen der Aachener Buslinien angefahren werden.

In Aachen gibt es ein gesondertes Nachtbusnetz. Dabei ergab sich bei einer Wahlbeteiligung von etwa 43 Prozent eine Zweidrittelmehrheit gegen die Campusbahn.

Die entsprechenden Planungen wurden danach eingestellt. Die Stadt Aachen ist an eine Reihe von Radwanderwegen angeschlossen:.

Bad Aachen , Klenkes , moviebeta sowie das zweimonatlich, ebenfalls kostenlos erscheinende Familien- und Kindermagazin King Kalli. April Thomson Reuters , New York.

In Aachen sendeten zwei Lokalradios. Mai das Hochschulradio Aachen Slogan: Das Hochschulradio erhielt am Die musikalische Auswahl ist ganz wesentlich von unkommerziellem Stil mit einem Schwerpunkt bei elektronischer Musik.

Oktober sendet Antenne AC und ist damit der Nachfolger von Fantasy Dance FM Ebenso bietet das Theater Aachen den Musikstudentinnen und Musikstudenten die Gelegenheit, berufsbezogene Praktika in ihren Abteilungen zu absolvieren.

Aachen ist Garnisonsstandort seit Aachen ist Standort dreier Kasernen der Bundeswehr: Architektonisches Vorbild war die Basilika San Vitale in Ravenna , die unter Erzbischof Ecclesius noch unter gotischer Herrschaft begonnen und unter Bischof Maximian unter byzantinischer Herrschaft vollendet wurde.

Auf den Grundmauern der Palastaula der karolingischen Kaiserpfalz wurde im Jahrhundert, als das Rathaus zum barocken Stadtschloss umgebaut wurde.

Nur eine einzige originale Figur ist noch erhalten, die anderen gelten als verschollen. Bis war im Grashaus das Stadtarchiv untergebracht.

Daher stammt der Kanal mit hoher Wahrscheinlichkeit aus der Zeit zwischen dem Bis wurde das Thermalwasser im Untergeschoss der Kuppelhalle in einem Trinkraum ausgeschenkt.

Sein Bau wurde begonnen. Es wurde eingeweiht. Der Pavillon wurde erst dort aufgebaut. Mit dem Bau dieser Kirche wurde begonnen.

Ihr Turm wurde erst nach dem Abriss der alten Jakobskirche fertiggestellt. Die mit Gelenken ausgestatteten Bronzefiguren laden besonders Kinder zum Spielen ein.

Die Figuren symbolisieren typische Figuren des Aachener Lebens: Er ist der einzige Park innerhalb des Alleenrings und wurde umgestaltet.

Direkt an den Kurpark grenzt der Farwickpark. Aus dem Jahr stammt der 48 Meter hohe Wasserturm Belvedere. Damals befand sich dort ein Zoo mit 50 Riesenschlangen, von dem heute allerdings nur ein Weiher geblieben ist.

Im Park gibt es einen Bootsverleih, ein Ausflugslokal und einen Spielplatz; direkt angrenzend befinden sich das Schwimm- und Freiluftbad Hangeweiher, eine Tennisplatzanlage, der Park des alten Klinikums und die Volkssternwarte.

Zahlreiche weitere kleine Parks so z. Eine Antikensammlung mit dem Hauptthema der attischen Vasenmalerei sowie ein Es befasst sich mit der internationalen Pressegeschichte vom Das Museum wurde am 1.

Juni ist sie wieder zu sehen. Am Aachener Theater waren u. Herbert von Karajan von bis und Wolfgang Sawallisch von bis Generalmusikdirektoren.

Von an leitete Marcus R. Traditionell findet seit alle zwei Jahre die Internationale Chorbiennale in Aachen statt. Das Musikspektrum in Aachen reduziert sich nicht allein auf klassische Musik.

Das Gesangsensemble einKlang z. Im Jazz hat sich die Aachen Bigband etabliert. After his death, the king was buried in the church which he had built; [25] his original tomb has been lost, while his alleged remains are preserved in the Karlsschrein , the shrine where he was reburied after being declared a saint; his saintliness, however, was never officially acknowledged by the Roman Curia as such.

Odo relinquished it quickly and was killed soon afterwards. The original audience hall built by Charlemagne was torn down and replaced by the current city hall in The city remained a free imperial city , subject to the emperor only, but was politically far too weak to influence the policies of any of its neighbours.

The only dominion it had was over Burtscheid , a neighbouring territory ruled by a Benedictine abbess. It was forced to accept that all of its traffic must pass through the "Aachener Reich".

As an imperial city, Aachen held certain political privileges that allowed it to remain independent [ clarification needed ] of the troubles of Europe for many years.

It was also the site of many important church councils, including the Council of [30] and the Council of , a council convened by the antipope Paschal III.

Aachen has proved an important site for the production of historical manuscripts. During the reign of Louis the Pious — , substantial quantities of ancient texts were produced at Aachen, including legal manuscripts such as the leges scriptorium group, patristic texts including the five manuscripts of the Bamberg Pliny Group.

This however marked the end of the period of manuscript production at Aachen. In , following the invasion of Spanish troops from the Netherlands , Rudolf deposed all Protestant office holders in Aachen and even went as far as expelling them from the city.

First the coronations of emperors were moved from Aachen to Frankfurt. This was followed by the religious wars , and the great fire of By the middle of the 17th century Aachen had become attractive as a spa: The main indication for visiting patients, ironically, was syphilis ; only by the end of the 19th century had rheumatism become the most important object of cures at Aachen and Burtscheid.

Aachen was chosen as the site of several important congresses and peace treaties: In , after the Napoleonic Wars , the Kingdom of Prussia took over.

The city was one of its most socially and politically backward centres until the end of the 19th century.

Starting in , the railway from Cologne to Belgium passed through Aachen. In December , the Aachen tramway network was opened, and in it was electrified.

On 21 October , an armed band took over the city hall. This republic lasted only about a year. Aachen was heavily damaged during World War II. The city and its fortified surroundings were laid siege to from 12 September to 21 October by the US 1st Infantry Division [41] with the 3rd Armored Division assisting from the south.

Damaged buildings included the medieval churches of St. Nicholas , and the Rathaus city hall , although Aachen Cathedral was largely unscathed. Only 4, inhabitants remained in the city; the rest had followed evacuation orders.

During the Roman period, Aachen was the site of a flourishing Jewish community. Later, during the Carolingian empire, a Jewish community lived near the royal palace.

In , the Jews of Aachen offered gifts to Maximilian I during his coronation ceremony. In , the Aachen Jewish community was expelled from the city.

In , six Jews were allowed to return. Most of the Aachen Jews settled in the nearby town of Burtscheid. A Jewish cemetery was acquired in The synagogue was destroyed during Kristallnacht in In , after emigration and arrests, Jews remained in the city.

In , 1, Jews were living in Aachen. Aachen is located in the middle of the Meuse—Rhine Euroregion , close to the border tripoint of Germany, the Netherlands, and Belgium.

The city limits are As the westernmost city in Germany [7] and close to the Low Countries , Aachen and the surrounding area belongs to a temperate climate zone , with humid weather, mild winters, and warm summers.

Because the city is surrounded by hills, it suffers from inversion-related smog. The January average is 3.

Precipitation is almost evenly spread throughout the year. The geology of Aachen is very structurally heterogeneous. The oldest occurring rocks in the area surrounding the city originate from the Devonian period and include carboniferous sandstone , greywacke , claystone and limestone.

These formations are part of the Rhenish Massif , north of the High Fens. In the Pennsylvanian subperiod of the Carboniferous geological period, these rock layers were narrowed and folded as a result of the Variscan orogeny.

After this event, and over the course of the following million years, this area has been continuously flattened. During the Cretaceous period, the ocean penetrated the continent from the direction of the North Sea up to the mountainous area near Aachen, bringing with it clay, sand, and chalk deposits.

While the clay which was the basis for a major pottery industry in nearby Raeren is mostly found in the lower areas of Aachen, the hills of the Aachen Forest and the Lousberg were formed from upper Cretaceous sand and chalk deposits.

More recent sedimentation is mainly located in the north and east of Aachen and was formed through tertiary and quaternary river and wind activities.

Along the major thrust fault of the Variscan orogeny , there are over 30 thermal springs in Aachen and Burtscheid. Aachen has , inhabitants as of 31 December , of whom , are female, and , are male.

The unemployment rate in the city is, as of April , 9. The city is divided into seven administrative districts, or boroughs, each with its own district council, district leader, and district authority.

The councils are elected locally by those who live within the district, and these districts are further subdivided into smaller sections for statistical purposes, with each sub-district named by a two-digit number.

Regardless of official statistical designations, there are 50 neighbourhoods and communities within Aachen, here arranged by district:. The following cities and communities border Aachen, clockwise from the northwest: Aachen Cathedral was erected on the orders of Charlemagne in AD [9] and was, on completion in , [58] the largest cathedral north of the Alps.

The cathedral was extended several times in later ages, turning it into a curious and unique mixture of building styles.

The throne and gallery portion date from the Ottonian , with portions of the original opus sectile floor still visible. Finally, a choir was added around the start of the 15th century.

After Frederick Barbarossa canonised Charlemagne, in , the chapel became a destination for pilgrims. The church built by Charlemagne is still the main attraction of the city.

Most of the marble and columns used in the construction of the cathedral were brought from Rome and Ravenna , including the sarcophagus that Charlemagne was eventually laid to rest in.

These were in contrast to a wolf and a statue of Marcus Aurelius in the Capitoline. Finally, there is uncertainty surrounding the bronze pine cone in the chapel, and where it was created.

Wherever it was made, it was also a parallel to a piece in Rome, this in Old St. Aachen Cathedral Treasury has housed, throughout its history, a collection of liturgical objects.

The origin of this church treasure is in dispute as some say Charlemagne himself endowed his chapel with the original collection, while the rest were collected over time.

Others say all of the objects were collected over time, from such places as Jerusalem and Constantinople. The Coronation Gospels and a reliquary burse of St.

Stephen were moved to Vienna in and the Talisman of Charlemagne was given as a gift in to Josephine Bonaparte and subsequently to Rheims Cathedral.

Charles IV donated a pair of reliquaries. Louis XI gave, in , the crown of Margaret of York , and, in , another arm reliquary of Charlemagne.

The Aachen Rathaus, English: Aachen City Hall or Aachen Town Hall dated from , [24] lies between two central squares, the Markt marketplace and the Katschhof between city hall and cathedral.

The coronation hall is on the first floor of the building. Also, precious replicas of the Imperial Regalia are kept here.

Since , the city hall has been a station on the Route Charlemagne , a tour programme by which historical sights of Aachen are presented to visitors.

At the city hall, a museum exhibition explains the history and art of the building and gives a sense of the historical coronation banquets that took place there.

As before, the city hall is the seat of the mayor of Aachen and of the city council, and annually the Charlemagne Prize is awarded there. The Grashaus , a late medieval house at the Fischmarkt , is one of the oldest non-religious buildings in downtown Aachen.

It hosted the city archive, and before that, the Grashaus was the former city hall until the present building took over this function.

The Elisenbrunnen is one of the most famous sights of Aachen. It is just a minute away from the cathedral. Just a few steps in a south-easterly direction lies the 19th-century theatre.

Also of note are two remaining city gates, the Ponttor Pont gate , half a mile northwest of the cathedral, and the Marschiertor marching gate , close to the central railway station.

There are also a few parts of both medieval city walls left, most of them integrated into more recent buildings, but some others still visible.

There are even five towers left, some of which are used for housing. It is attributed to the Rhine mannerism and a sample of a local Renaissance-architecture.

The church is a Greek Orthodox church today, but the building is used also for concerts because of its good acoustics. The synagogue in Aachen, which was destroyed on the Night of Broken Glass Kristallnacht , 9 November , was reinaugurated on 18 May There are numerous other notable churches and monasteries , a few remarkable 17th- and 18th-century buildings in the particular Baroque style typical of the region, a synagogue, a collection of statues and monuments, park areas, cemeteries, among others.

Among the museums in the town are the Suermondt-Ludwig Museum , which has a fine sculpture collection and the Aachen Museum of the International Press , which is dedicated to newspapers from the 16th century to the present.

Carolus Thermen, thermal baths named after Charlemagne. A statue commemorating David Hansemann. Aachen is the administrative centre for the coal-mining industries in neighbouring places to the northeast.

Products manufactured in Aachen include electrical goods, textiles, foodstuffs chocolate and candy , glass, machinery, rubber products, furniture, metal products.

Kampker was also the founder and chairman of the European Network for Affordable and Sustainable Electromobility. In May , the company announced that the city of Aachen, the city council Aachen and the savings bank Aachen had ordered electric vehicles from the company.

In April , StreetScooter GmbH announced that it would be scaling up to manufacture approximately 10, of the Work vehicles annually, starting in , also in Aachen.

In , Aachen became the first coin-minting city in the world to regularly place an anno Domini date on a general circulation coin , a groschen.

The thriving Aachen black metal scene is among the most notable in Germany, with such bands as Nagelfar , The Ruins of Beverast , Graupel and Verdunkeln.

The local speciality of Aachen is an originally hard type of sweet bread, baked in large flat loaves, called Aachener Printen. Unlike Lebkuchen , a German form of gingerbread sweetened with honey, Printen use a syrup made from sugar.

Today, a soft version is sold under the same name which follows an entirely different recipe. It also maintains a botanical garden the Botanischer Garten Aachen.

The AcUAS offers a classic engineering education in professions such as mechatronics , construction engineering, mechanical engineering or electrical engineering.

It also has the only programme of study in Germany especially designed for mothers. The annual CHIO short for the French term Concours Hippique International Officiel is the biggest equestrian meeting of the world and among horsemen is considered to be as prestigious for equitation as the tournament of Wimbledon for tennis.

However, the team could not sustain its status and is now back in the fourth division. The building work for the stadium which has a capacity of 32,, began in May and was completed by the beginning of In it was moved closer to the city centre.

The Euregiobahn , a regional railway system, reaches several minor cities in the Aachen region. There are four smaller stations in Aachen: Slower trains stop at these.

There are two stations for intercity bus services in Aachen: The first horse tram line in Aachen opened in December After electrification in , it was with maximal Many tram lines extended to the surrounding towns of Herzogenrath , Stolberg , Alsdorf as well as the Belgian and Dutch communes of Vaals , Kelmis then Altenberg and Eupen.

The Aachen tram system was linked with the Belgian national interurban tram system. Like many tram systems in Western Europe, the Aachen tram suffered from poorly-maintained infrastructure and was so deemed unnecessary and disrupting for car drivers by local politics.

On 28 September the last line 15 Vaals—Brand operated for one last day and was then replaced by buses.

Because of the location at the border, many bus routes extend to Belgium and the Netherlands. There are plans to eliminate traffic jams at the Aachen road interchange.

There is a shuttle-service between Aachen and the airport. Since , a committee of Aachen citizens annually awards the Charlemagne Prize German: Karlspreis to personalities of outstanding service to the unification of Europe.

It is traditionally awarded on Ascension Day at the City Hall. In , the Charlemagne Award was awarded to Pope Francis. The International Charlemagne Prize of Aachen was awarded in the year to US president Bill Clinton , for his special personal contribution to co-operation with the states of Europe, for the preservation of peace, freedom, democracy and human rights in Europe , and for his support of the enlargement of the European Union.

Lehr- und Forschungsgebiet Translationale Nephropathologie. Die T ea m s aus Aachen , H an nover und Berlin [ RWTH Aachen - to enter for the award. All Institutions Search for. Doctoral Studies Information and Procedures. Search rwth aachen in: Thank you very much for your vote! Research To Portal Page. Day of Electrical Engineering and Information Technology. Aus nt — end n. Lehr- und Forschungsgebiet Theoretische Teilchenphysik. The wrong words are highlighted. Allerdings ge h t aus d e n vom Hersteller vorgelegten Unterlagen deutlich hervor, dass die diversen Prüfungen, auf welche die Baumusterprüfung sich den Angaben zufolge stützte, zu unterschiedlichen Zeitpunkten zwischen und von bis zu sieben verschiedenen Stellen zertifiziert worden waren Univers it ä t Aachen , K or eanisches [ We have reviewed the condensed consolidated interim financial statements - comprising the. Dank für den bedeutenden Beitrag, den Ihr zur Verbesserung der Welt geleistet habt, sowohl hier als auch über Eure eigenen Grenzen hinweg.

Die Tuchfabrikation war jahrhundertelang der wesentliche Wirtschaftsfaktor Aachens. Bedingt durch die reichhaltigen Erzvorkommen in der Umgebung, z.

Zuvor hatte das Grashaus diese Funktion innegehabt, wurde aber parallel weiterhin bis ins Jahrhundert begann der Niedergang der Stadt. Dies ergab, dass Seit dieser Zeit kursiert in Aachen der Satz: Aachen blieb elf Jahre lang von belgischen Truppen besetzt.

November von den belgischen Besatzern beendet wurden. Die Zwischenkriegszeit bedeutete einen tiefen Einschnitt im Wirtschaftsleben der Stadt.

Insbesondere der sogenannte Ruhrkampf , die Verschiebung der Zollgrenze an den Rhein sowie zunehmender Schmuggel entlang der Grenzen zu Belgien und den Niederlanden oder auch der Separatistenaufstand von trafen Aachen schwer.

Eine Heiligtumsfahrt mit Beim Kaffeeschmuggel zwischen Belgien und Deutschland, an der sogenannten Aachener Kaffeefront , starben zwischen und 40 Menschen.

April bis August war der westliche Ortsteil Bildchen Belgisches Annexionsgebiet. Die Karlshymne Urbs Aquensis ist eine Hymne aus dem Bischof ist seit Helmut Dieser.

Um begann in Aachen die Reformation. Viele Protestanten wurden ausgewiesen. Danach war die Zahl der Protestanten sehr gering, jedoch gab es stets evangelische Bewohner, die immer wieder versuchten, Einfluss in der Stadt zu gewinnen.

Da sie jedoch keine eigenen Gemeinden bilden konnten, schlossen sich die lutherischen und reformierten Bewohner den Gemeinden in Vaals an.

Dort wurde am Unter den weiteren christlichen Vereinigungen und Gemeinden finden sich eine altkatholische Gemeinde , freie christliche Gemeinden, vier verschiedene orthodoxe Gemeinden , insbesondere die von Bischof Evmenios von Lefke geleitete griechisch-orthodoxe Gemeinde der Stadtkirche St.

Michael , und eine katholische koreanische Gemeinde. Jahrhundert die Aachener Peterskirche errichtet wurde. Sie wurde ab nicht mehr belegt und steht heutzutage als Teil des Stadtgarten Aachens unter Denkmalschutz.

Im weiteren Verlauf des Foillan vorbehalten blieb, diente der neue Westfriedhof II allen anderen damaligen Pfarren.

Vor der zum 1. Dies wurde im sogenannten Aachener Gaffelbrief von , der bis galt, festgelegt. Die Mitgliederzahl schwankte mehrmals. Mai ihr Amt wechselten.

Stadtoberhaupt war der Maire. Derzeit sind im Aachener Rat folgende Parteien vertreten: In Gold ein rot bewehrter und rot bezungter schwarzer Adler.

Das Aachener Wappen wurde zuletzt am Die Stadt beherbergt verschiedene Theater und Museen. Diesen Quellen wird zugeschrieben, dass sie Rheuma und viele andere Krankheiten heilen sollen.

Aachen hat mehrere bedeutende Industriezweige. Daneben gibt es eine Reihe von Forschungsbetrieben und Hochtechnologieunternehmen , oft als Ableger der Hochschulen.

Auch der Tourismus spielt eine wichtige Rolle Januar bis Juni Seit Anfang der er Jahre hat sich ein sehr deutlicher Strukturwandel vollzogen.

Die Herstellung von Nadeln und Tuchen wurde nach Fernost verlagert. Die letzte Aachener Nadelfabrik stellte den Betrieb Ende ein, von den zahlreichen Tuchfabriken ist nur eine geblieben.

Der Aachener Hauptbahnhof ist an den Fernverkehr angeschlossen. Ein weiterer Haltepunkt ist in Richterich vorgesehen und soll im Jahr in Betrieb gehen.

Eisenbahnhistorisch hat Aachen zwei Besonderheiten zu bieten: Die Vennbahn , angelegt von bis , verband die Industriegebiete von Aachen und Eschweiler mit dem von Luxemburg.

Es gibt mehrere Schnellbuslinien u. Dreh- und Angelpunkte des Aachener Liniennetzes sind der Bushof und der Elisenbrunnen , die von vielen der Aachener Buslinien angefahren werden.

In Aachen gibt es ein gesondertes Nachtbusnetz. Dabei ergab sich bei einer Wahlbeteiligung von etwa 43 Prozent eine Zweidrittelmehrheit gegen die Campusbahn.

Die entsprechenden Planungen wurden danach eingestellt. Die Stadt Aachen ist an eine Reihe von Radwanderwegen angeschlossen:. Bad Aachen , Klenkes , moviebeta sowie das zweimonatlich, ebenfalls kostenlos erscheinende Familien- und Kindermagazin King Kalli.

April Thomson Reuters , New York. In Aachen sendeten zwei Lokalradios. Mai das Hochschulradio Aachen Slogan: Das Hochschulradio erhielt am Die musikalische Auswahl ist ganz wesentlich von unkommerziellem Stil mit einem Schwerpunkt bei elektronischer Musik.

Oktober sendet Antenne AC und ist damit der Nachfolger von Fantasy Dance FM Ebenso bietet das Theater Aachen den Musikstudentinnen und Musikstudenten die Gelegenheit, berufsbezogene Praktika in ihren Abteilungen zu absolvieren.

Aachen ist Garnisonsstandort seit Aachen ist Standort dreier Kasernen der Bundeswehr: Architektonisches Vorbild war die Basilika San Vitale in Ravenna , die unter Erzbischof Ecclesius noch unter gotischer Herrschaft begonnen und unter Bischof Maximian unter byzantinischer Herrschaft vollendet wurde.

Auf den Grundmauern der Palastaula der karolingischen Kaiserpfalz wurde im Jahrhundert, als das Rathaus zum barocken Stadtschloss umgebaut wurde.

Nur eine einzige originale Figur ist noch erhalten, die anderen gelten als verschollen. Bis war im Grashaus das Stadtarchiv untergebracht.

Daher stammt der Kanal mit hoher Wahrscheinlichkeit aus der Zeit zwischen dem Bis wurde das Thermalwasser im Untergeschoss der Kuppelhalle in einem Trinkraum ausgeschenkt.

Sein Bau wurde begonnen. Es wurde eingeweiht. Der Pavillon wurde erst dort aufgebaut. Mit dem Bau dieser Kirche wurde begonnen.

Ihr Turm wurde erst nach dem Abriss der alten Jakobskirche fertiggestellt. Die mit Gelenken ausgestatteten Bronzefiguren laden besonders Kinder zum Spielen ein.

Die Figuren symbolisieren typische Figuren des Aachener Lebens: Er ist der einzige Park innerhalb des Alleenrings und wurde umgestaltet.

Direkt an den Kurpark grenzt der Farwickpark. Aus dem Jahr stammt der 48 Meter hohe Wasserturm Belvedere. Damals befand sich dort ein Zoo mit 50 Riesenschlangen, von dem heute allerdings nur ein Weiher geblieben ist.

Im Park gibt es einen Bootsverleih, ein Ausflugslokal und einen Spielplatz; direkt angrenzend befinden sich das Schwimm- und Freiluftbad Hangeweiher, eine Tennisplatzanlage, der Park des alten Klinikums und die Volkssternwarte.

Zahlreiche weitere kleine Parks so z. Eine Antikensammlung mit dem Hauptthema der attischen Vasenmalerei sowie ein Es befasst sich mit der internationalen Pressegeschichte vom Das Museum wurde am 1.

Juni ist sie wieder zu sehen. Am Aachener Theater waren u. Herbert von Karajan von bis und Wolfgang Sawallisch von bis Generalmusikdirektoren.

Von an leitete Marcus R. Traditionell findet seit alle zwei Jahre die Internationale Chorbiennale in Aachen statt. Das Musikspektrum in Aachen reduziert sich nicht allein auf klassische Musik.

Aachen has proved an important site for the production of historical manuscripts. During the reign of Louis the Pious — , substantial quantities of ancient texts were produced at Aachen, including legal manuscripts such as the leges scriptorium group, patristic texts including the five manuscripts of the Bamberg Pliny Group.

This however marked the end of the period of manuscript production at Aachen. In , following the invasion of Spanish troops from the Netherlands , Rudolf deposed all Protestant office holders in Aachen and even went as far as expelling them from the city.

First the coronations of emperors were moved from Aachen to Frankfurt. This was followed by the religious wars , and the great fire of By the middle of the 17th century Aachen had become attractive as a spa: The main indication for visiting patients, ironically, was syphilis ; only by the end of the 19th century had rheumatism become the most important object of cures at Aachen and Burtscheid.

Aachen was chosen as the site of several important congresses and peace treaties: In , after the Napoleonic Wars , the Kingdom of Prussia took over.

The city was one of its most socially and politically backward centres until the end of the 19th century. Starting in , the railway from Cologne to Belgium passed through Aachen.

In December , the Aachen tramway network was opened, and in it was electrified. On 21 October , an armed band took over the city hall.

This republic lasted only about a year. Aachen was heavily damaged during World War II. The city and its fortified surroundings were laid siege to from 12 September to 21 October by the US 1st Infantry Division [41] with the 3rd Armored Division assisting from the south.

Damaged buildings included the medieval churches of St. Nicholas , and the Rathaus city hall , although Aachen Cathedral was largely unscathed.

Only 4, inhabitants remained in the city; the rest had followed evacuation orders. During the Roman period, Aachen was the site of a flourishing Jewish community.

Later, during the Carolingian empire, a Jewish community lived near the royal palace. In , the Jews of Aachen offered gifts to Maximilian I during his coronation ceremony.

In , the Aachen Jewish community was expelled from the city. In , six Jews were allowed to return. Most of the Aachen Jews settled in the nearby town of Burtscheid.

A Jewish cemetery was acquired in The synagogue was destroyed during Kristallnacht in In , after emigration and arrests, Jews remained in the city.

In , 1, Jews were living in Aachen. Aachen is located in the middle of the Meuse—Rhine Euroregion , close to the border tripoint of Germany, the Netherlands, and Belgium.

The city limits are As the westernmost city in Germany [7] and close to the Low Countries , Aachen and the surrounding area belongs to a temperate climate zone , with humid weather, mild winters, and warm summers.

Because the city is surrounded by hills, it suffers from inversion-related smog. The January average is 3.

Precipitation is almost evenly spread throughout the year. The geology of Aachen is very structurally heterogeneous. The oldest occurring rocks in the area surrounding the city originate from the Devonian period and include carboniferous sandstone , greywacke , claystone and limestone.

These formations are part of the Rhenish Massif , north of the High Fens. In the Pennsylvanian subperiod of the Carboniferous geological period, these rock layers were narrowed and folded as a result of the Variscan orogeny.

After this event, and over the course of the following million years, this area has been continuously flattened. During the Cretaceous period, the ocean penetrated the continent from the direction of the North Sea up to the mountainous area near Aachen, bringing with it clay, sand, and chalk deposits.

While the clay which was the basis for a major pottery industry in nearby Raeren is mostly found in the lower areas of Aachen, the hills of the Aachen Forest and the Lousberg were formed from upper Cretaceous sand and chalk deposits.

More recent sedimentation is mainly located in the north and east of Aachen and was formed through tertiary and quaternary river and wind activities.

Along the major thrust fault of the Variscan orogeny , there are over 30 thermal springs in Aachen and Burtscheid.

Aachen has , inhabitants as of 31 December , of whom , are female, and , are male. The unemployment rate in the city is, as of April , 9.

The city is divided into seven administrative districts, or boroughs, each with its own district council, district leader, and district authority.

The councils are elected locally by those who live within the district, and these districts are further subdivided into smaller sections for statistical purposes, with each sub-district named by a two-digit number.

Regardless of official statistical designations, there are 50 neighbourhoods and communities within Aachen, here arranged by district:.

The following cities and communities border Aachen, clockwise from the northwest: Aachen Cathedral was erected on the orders of Charlemagne in AD [9] and was, on completion in , [58] the largest cathedral north of the Alps.

The cathedral was extended several times in later ages, turning it into a curious and unique mixture of building styles. The throne and gallery portion date from the Ottonian , with portions of the original opus sectile floor still visible.

Finally, a choir was added around the start of the 15th century. After Frederick Barbarossa canonised Charlemagne, in , the chapel became a destination for pilgrims.

The church built by Charlemagne is still the main attraction of the city. Most of the marble and columns used in the construction of the cathedral were brought from Rome and Ravenna , including the sarcophagus that Charlemagne was eventually laid to rest in.

These were in contrast to a wolf and a statue of Marcus Aurelius in the Capitoline. Finally, there is uncertainty surrounding the bronze pine cone in the chapel, and where it was created.

Wherever it was made, it was also a parallel to a piece in Rome, this in Old St. Aachen Cathedral Treasury has housed, throughout its history, a collection of liturgical objects.

The origin of this church treasure is in dispute as some say Charlemagne himself endowed his chapel with the original collection, while the rest were collected over time.

Others say all of the objects were collected over time, from such places as Jerusalem and Constantinople.

The Coronation Gospels and a reliquary burse of St. Stephen were moved to Vienna in and the Talisman of Charlemagne was given as a gift in to Josephine Bonaparte and subsequently to Rheims Cathedral.

Charles IV donated a pair of reliquaries. Louis XI gave, in , the crown of Margaret of York , and, in , another arm reliquary of Charlemagne.

The Aachen Rathaus, English: Aachen City Hall or Aachen Town Hall dated from , [24] lies between two central squares, the Markt marketplace and the Katschhof between city hall and cathedral.

The coronation hall is on the first floor of the building. Also, precious replicas of the Imperial Regalia are kept here.

Since , the city hall has been a station on the Route Charlemagne , a tour programme by which historical sights of Aachen are presented to visitors.

At the city hall, a museum exhibition explains the history and art of the building and gives a sense of the historical coronation banquets that took place there.

As before, the city hall is the seat of the mayor of Aachen and of the city council, and annually the Charlemagne Prize is awarded there.

The Grashaus , a late medieval house at the Fischmarkt , is one of the oldest non-religious buildings in downtown Aachen. It hosted the city archive, and before that, the Grashaus was the former city hall until the present building took over this function.

The Elisenbrunnen is one of the most famous sights of Aachen. It is just a minute away from the cathedral. Just a few steps in a south-easterly direction lies the 19th-century theatre.

Also of note are two remaining city gates, the Ponttor Pont gate , half a mile northwest of the cathedral, and the Marschiertor marching gate , close to the central railway station.

There are also a few parts of both medieval city walls left, most of them integrated into more recent buildings, but some others still visible.

There are even five towers left, some of which are used for housing. It is attributed to the Rhine mannerism and a sample of a local Renaissance-architecture.

The church is a Greek Orthodox church today, but the building is used also for concerts because of its good acoustics. The synagogue in Aachen, which was destroyed on the Night of Broken Glass Kristallnacht , 9 November , was reinaugurated on 18 May There are numerous other notable churches and monasteries , a few remarkable 17th- and 18th-century buildings in the particular Baroque style typical of the region, a synagogue, a collection of statues and monuments, park areas, cemeteries, among others.

Among the museums in the town are the Suermondt-Ludwig Museum , which has a fine sculpture collection and the Aachen Museum of the International Press , which is dedicated to newspapers from the 16th century to the present.

Carolus Thermen, thermal baths named after Charlemagne. A statue commemorating David Hansemann. Aachen is the administrative centre for the coal-mining industries in neighbouring places to the northeast.

Products manufactured in Aachen include electrical goods, textiles, foodstuffs chocolate and candy , glass, machinery, rubber products, furniture, metal products.

Kampker was also the founder and chairman of the European Network for Affordable and Sustainable Electromobility. In May , the company announced that the city of Aachen, the city council Aachen and the savings bank Aachen had ordered electric vehicles from the company.

In April , StreetScooter GmbH announced that it would be scaling up to manufacture approximately 10, of the Work vehicles annually, starting in , also in Aachen.

In , Aachen became the first coin-minting city in the world to regularly place an anno Domini date on a general circulation coin , a groschen.

The thriving Aachen black metal scene is among the most notable in Germany, with such bands as Nagelfar , The Ruins of Beverast , Graupel and Verdunkeln.

The local speciality of Aachen is an originally hard type of sweet bread, baked in large flat loaves, called Aachener Printen. Unlike Lebkuchen , a German form of gingerbread sweetened with honey, Printen use a syrup made from sugar.

Today, a soft version is sold under the same name which follows an entirely different recipe. It also maintains a botanical garden the Botanischer Garten Aachen.

The AcUAS offers a classic engineering education in professions such as mechatronics , construction engineering, mechanical engineering or electrical engineering.

It also has the only programme of study in Germany especially designed for mothers. The annual CHIO short for the French term Concours Hippique International Officiel is the biggest equestrian meeting of the world and among horsemen is considered to be as prestigious for equitation as the tournament of Wimbledon for tennis.

However, the team could not sustain its status and is now back in the fourth division. The building work for the stadium which has a capacity of 32,, began in May and was completed by the beginning of In it was moved closer to the city centre.

The Euregiobahn , a regional railway system, reaches several minor cities in the Aachen region. There are four smaller stations in Aachen: Slower trains stop at these.

There are two stations for intercity bus services in Aachen: The first horse tram line in Aachen opened in December After electrification in , it was with maximal Many tram lines extended to the surrounding towns of Herzogenrath , Stolberg , Alsdorf as well as the Belgian and Dutch communes of Vaals , Kelmis then Altenberg and Eupen.

The Aachen tram system was linked with the Belgian national interurban tram system. Like many tram systems in Western Europe, the Aachen tram suffered from poorly-maintained infrastructure and was so deemed unnecessary and disrupting for car drivers by local politics.

On 28 September the last line 15 Vaals—Brand operated for one last day and was then replaced by buses. Because of the location at the border, many bus routes extend to Belgium and the Netherlands.

There are plans to eliminate traffic jams at the Aachen road interchange. There is a shuttle-service between Aachen and the airport.

Since , a committee of Aachen citizens annually awards the Charlemagne Prize German: Karlspreis to personalities of outstanding service to the unification of Europe.

It is traditionally awarded on Ascension Day at the City Hall. In , the Charlemagne Award was awarded to Pope Francis.

The International Charlemagne Prize of Aachen was awarded in the year to US president Bill Clinton , for his special personal contribution to co-operation with the states of Europe, for the preservation of peace, freedom, democracy and human rights in Europe , and for his support of the enlargement of the European Union.

Aachen is twinned with: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Aachen disambiguation. Place in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.

Panoramic view of Aachen, including Kaiser-Karls-Gymnasium foreground , city hall back centre and cathedral back right. List of people from Aachen.

List of twin towns and sister cities in Germany. The institution is commonly referred to as "RWTH Aachen" or simply "RWTH", with the abbreviation remaining untranslated in other languages to avoid the use of the "Hochschule" term, which is sometimes mistakenly translated as high school.

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